滚球体育

    站内搜索

    联系滚球体育
急救电话:            120(双月)预约挂号:
 
   当前位置: 首页 - 医疗滚球体育 - 医生论坛  

《2019心血管疾病一级预防指南》发布 如何预防心血管疾病

健康浙江 2019-03-22 22:12:18

2019NIAN3YUE17RI,《2019 ACC/AHAXINXUEGUANJIBINGYIJIYUFANGZHINAN》ZAIDI68JIEMEIGUOXINZANGBINGXUEHUIKEXUENIANHUI(ACC 2019)SHANGZHENGSHIFABU,ZHINANSHANGZHICHULEGUANYUXINXUEGUANJIBINGDESHIDAYAODIAN。

指南上的十大要点

《2019心血管疾病一级预防指南》发布 如何预防心血管疾病

YI

YUFANGDONGMAIZHOUYANGYINGHUAXINGXUEGUANJIBING、XINLISHUAIJIEHEXINFANGZHANDONGZUIZHONGYAODEFANGFA,SHITICHANGZHONGSHENGDEJIANKANGSHENGHUOFANGSHI。

ER

JIYUTUANDUIDEYILIAOFANGFASHIYUFANGXINXUEGUANJIBINGDEYOUXIAOCELVE。LINCHUANGYISHENGYINGPINGGUYINGXIANGGETIJIANKANGDESHEHUIJUEDINGYINSU,YIBIANWEIZHILIAOJUECETIGONGXINXI。

SAN

NIANLINGZAI40~75SUIQIEZHENGZAIJIESHOUXINXUEGUANJIBINGYUFANGPINGGUDECHENGNIANREN,ZAIKAISHIYAOWUZHILIAO(RUJIANGYAZHILIAO、TATINGLEIYAOWUHUOASIPILIN)ZHIQIAN,YINGJIESHOU10NIANDONGMAIZHOUYANGYINGHUAXINGXINXUEGUANJIBING(ASCVD)FENGXIANPINGGU,BINGJINXINGLINCHUANGYISHENGYUHUANZHEZHIJIANDEFENGXIANTAOLUN。

SI

SUOYOUCHENGNIANRENDOUYINGSHERUJIANKANGDEYINSHI,ZENGJIASHUCAI、SHUIGUO、JIANGUO、QUANGUWU、YULEIDESHERU,BINGJINLIANGJIANSHAOFANSHIZHIFANG、JIAGONGROULEI、JINGZHITANSHUIHUAHEWUHEHANTANGYINLIAODESHERU。DUIYUCHAOZHONGHEFEIPANGDECHENGNIANREN,JIANYITONGGUOZIXUNHEXIANZHIRELIANGDEFANGSHILAISHIXIANHEBAOCHIJIANZHONG。

WU

CHENGNIANRENMEIZHOUYINGZHISHAOJINXING150FENZHONGDEZHONGDENGQIANGDUTILIHUODONGHUO75FENZHONGDEJULIETILIHUODONG。

LIU

DUIYUHUANYOU2XINGTANGNIAOBINGDECHENGNIANRENLAISHUO,GAIBIANSHENGHUOFANGSHI(RUGAISHANYINSHIXIGUANHESHIXIANYUNDONG)DEJIANYISHIZHIGUANZHONGYAODE。

QI

MEICIJIANKANGJIANCHASHIDOUYINGDUISUOYOUCHENGNIANRENJINXINGYANCAOSHIYONGPINGGU,YINGBANGZHUNEIXIESHIYONGYANCAODEREN,BINGQIANGLIEJIANYITAMENJIEYAN。

BA

YOUYUQUEFAJINGHUOYI,ASIPILINBUCHANGYONGYUASCVDDECHANGGUIYIJIYUFANG。

JIU

DUIYUDIMIDUZHIDANBAIDANGUCHUNSHENGGAO(≥190 mg/dL)、NIANLINGZAI40~75SUIDETANGNIAOBINGHUANZHE,YIJIJINGLINCHUANGYISHENGYUHUANZHEFENGXIANTAOLUNHOUQUEDINGYOUZUGOUGAOASCVDFENGXIANDEHUANZHE,TATINGLEIYAOWUZHILIAOSHIYIJIYUFANGDEYIXIANZHILIAOFANGAN。

SHI

JIANYIDUISUOYOUXUEYASHENGGAOHUOGAOXUEYADECHENGNIANRENJINXINGFEIYAOWUGANYU。DUIYUXUYAOYAOWUZHILIAODEHUANZHE,MUBIAOXUEYAYIBANYING<130/80 mmHg。

看到上面的十大要点,对心血管疾病也大致了解了。那么,哪些人群容易得心血管疾病?又该怎样进行预防?

《2019心血管疾病一级预防指南》发布 如何预防心血管疾病

高危人群的预防方法

《2019心血管疾病一级预防指南》发布 如何预防心血管疾病

超重和肥胖的成年人

SHANSHIZHONGBAOHEZHIFANGSUANJINASHERUYUNAOZUZHONGCHENGZHENGXIANGGUAN,SHIRENQUNNAOZUZHONGBINGSILVDEZHUYAOJUEDINGYINSU。YIBANERYAN,ZHIFANGSHERUYIMEITIANBUCHAOGUO50KEWEIYI,QIEBAOHEZHIFANGSUANSUOZHANBILIBUYIGUOGAO;JIANYIDUICHAOZHONGHEFEIPANGDECHENGNIANRENCAIQUZIXUNHEQUANMIANDESHENGHUOFANGSHIGANYUCUOSHI,BAOKUOXIANZHIRELIANG,YISHIXIANHEBAOCHITIZHONGXIAJIANG。

《2019心血管疾病一级预防指南》发布 如何预防心血管疾病

患有2型糖尿病的成年人

DUIYUSUOYOUHUANYOUT2DMDECHENGNIANREN,JIANYIZHIDINGYIGEYIXINZANGJIANKANGYINSHIMOSHIWEIZHUDEDINGZHIYINGYANGJIHUA,YIGAISHANXUETANGKONGZHI,RUYOUBIYAOYINGJIANZHONG,BINGGAISHANQITAASCVDWEIXIANYINSU;MEIZHOUYINGZHISHAOJINXING150FENZHONGDEZHONGDENGQIANGDUTILIHUODONGHUO75FENZHONGDEJULIETILIHUODONG,YIGAISHANXUETANGKONGZHI,RUYOUBIYAOYINGJIANZHONG,BINGGAISHANQITAASCVDWEIXIANYINSU;ZAIQUEZHENHOUKAISHISHIYONGERJIASHUANGGUAZUOWEIYIXIANZHILIAOHEKAISHISHENGHUOFANGSHIZHILIAOSHIHELIDE,YIGAISHANXUETANGKONGZHIBINGJIANGDIASCVDFENGXIAN。

《2019心血管疾病一级预防指南》发布 如何预防心血管疾病

高血升压或高血压的成年人

DUIYUXUEYASHENGGAOHUOGAOXUEYADECHENGNIANREN,BAOKUONEIXIEXUYAOJIANGYAYAOWUZHILIAODEHUANZHE,JIANYIJINXINGFEIYAOWUGANYUCUOSHIYIJIANGDIXUEYA。CUOSHIBAOKUO: JIANQINGTIZHONG;XINZANGJIANKANGDEYINSHIMOSHI;JIANSHAONASHERU;SHANSHIBUJIA;TONGGUOYOUTIAOLIDEDUANLIANJIHUAZENGJIATILIHUODONG;XIANZHIJIUJING。

其他人群的预防方法

《2019心血管疾病一级预防指南》发布 如何预防心血管疾病

营养与饮食

JIANYIZENGJIASHUCAI、SHUIGUO、DOULEI、JIANGUO、QUANGUWUHEYULEIDESHERU,YONGSHANSHIZHONGDEDANBUBAOHEZHIFANGHEDUOBUBAOHEZHIFANGTIDAIBAOHEZHIFANG,HANYOUJIAOSHAODANGUCHUNHENADEYINSHI;ZUOWEIJIANKANGYINSHIDEYIBUFEN,ZUIDAXIANDUDIJIANSHAOJIAGONGROULEI、JINGZHITANSHUIHUAHEWUHEHANTANGYINLIAODESHERU,QIEYINGBIMIANSHERUFANSHIZHIFANG。

《2019心血管疾病一级预防指南》发布 如何预防心血管疾病

运动和体力活动

CHENGNIANRENMEIZHOUYINGZHISHAOJINXING150FENZHONGDEZHONGDENGQIANGDUYOUYANGYUNDONGHUOMEIZHOU75FENZHONGDEJULIEYOUYANGYUNDONG(HUOZHONGDENGQIANGDUHEJULIEYOUYANGYUNDONGDEDENGXIAOZUHE);DUIYUWUFADADAOZUIDITILIHUODONGJIANYI(MEIZHOUZHISHAO150FENZHONGDEZHONGDENGQIANGDUYOUYANGYUNDONGHUOMEIZHOU75FENZHONGDEJULIEYOUYANGYUNDONG)DECHENGNIANREN,CANJIAYIXIEZHONGDENGQIANGDUHUOJULIEDETILIHUODONG,JISHIDIYUTUIJIANLIANG。

2019 ACC/AHAXINXUEGUANJIBINGYIJIYUFANGZHINANWEIYUFANGXINXUEGUANJIBINGTIGONGLEZONGHEERSHIYONGDETUIJIAN,BAOKUOQIDAYAODIAN:

1

《2019心血管疾病一级预防指南》发布 如何预防心血管疾病

YINSHI,QIANGDIAOSHUCAI、SHUIGUO、JIANGUO、DOULEI、YUHEQUANGUWUDESHERU;

2

TILIHUODONG,TUIJIANMEIZHOUZHONGDENGQIANGDUYUNDONG≥150min,HUOJULIEYUNDONG≥75min;

3

2XINGTANGNIAOBING,TONGGUOYINSHIHEYUNDONGLAIKONGZHI,QISHIERJIASHUANGGUAZUOWEIYIXIANZHILIAO,HEBINGQITAASCVDWEIXIANYINSUXUYAOJINYIBUJIANGTANGZHILIAOZHEKEKAOLVJIYUSGT-2YIZHIJIHUOGLP-1SHOUTIJIDONGJI;

4

DANGUCHUN,PINGGUDONGMAIZHOUYANGYINGHUAXINGXINXUEGUANJIBING(ASCVD)FENGXIAN,GENJUFENGXIANZENGQIANGYINSUGETIHUA,BIYAOSHIGENJUGUANZHUANGDONGMAIGAIHUA(CAC)QINGKUANGZHONGXINFENLEI;

5

GAOXUEYA,WEICHIXUEYADIYU130/80mmHg;

6

YANCAO,TUIJIANYAOWUZHILIAOLIANHEXINGWEIGANYUYIJINKENENGTIGAOJIEYANLV;

7

ASIPILINYINGYONG,DIJILIANGASIPILINYINGYONGYUYIJIYUFANGMUQIANJINXIANYUXUANZEDEGAOWEIHUANZHE。

专家提醒

YINGJIEHEZISHENQINGKUANG,HELIDIAOZHENGSHENGHUOFANGSHI,BAOZHENGHUANBAO,JIANKANGYINSHI,JIEYANXIANJIU,JIANGDIXINNAOXUEGUANJIBINGDEFASHENGFENGXIAN。TONGSHIHAITIXINGDAJIAJIAQIANGTIYUDUANLIAN,ZENGQIANGDIKANGLI,BINGDINGQIJINXINGTIJIAN。JIANYIMEINIANZHISHAOTIJIANYICI,YIFANGBINGWEIZHU,ZUODAOZAOFAXIAN、ZAOZHENDUAN、ZAOZHILIAO。

Copyright ? 2006-2020 滚球体育_滚球体育app【信誉首选】 电子邮件: mgsyy- 备案: 皖ICP备08103549号
您是第 位访客
滚球体育_滚球体育app【信誉首选】